Tests

Test Conditions

Some tests need certain precautions to be followed before sampling, to ensure accurate and reliable results. Among these precautions is Fasting:

Fasting before the test means :

  • No eating for a specific time before the required sample is taken.
  • No drinking except water.
  • No gum chewing prior to the test.
  • keep taking the medications recommended by a physician (if any) and not to stop them except otherwise indicated by the physician himself.
  • No smoking during the fasting period.

Different urine samples

Random sample
  • Early morning (first voiding after waking up) is the ideal time for taking urine samples in general. But, urine sample taken at anytime of the day can be used for analysis.
  • Urine samples should be sent to the lab no later than 2 hours from their collection.
Specimen for urine culture
  • The genital area should be thoroughly washed with water without drying.
  • The first amount of urine is discarded and the midstream urine is collected inside a sterile container.
24 hours collection of urine
  • A special container is taken from the lab and it might contain a preservative.
  • The patient starts collection at a certain time of the day (e.g: at 8am) and he should record this time.
  • The first sample is discarded.
  • All samples the patient provides after that will be carefully collected into the container, taking care not to miss any amount till the second day (after exactly 24 hours from the previously recorded time, e.g 8 am next day). Please note that the last urine sample should be included in the container as well, e.g: urine sample at 8 am.
  • It is preferred to keep the container in the refrigerator, during the collection period and after completing the procedure till it reaches the lab.
  • The container should reach the lab after two hours maximum from finishing the collection.
Stool samples
  • Stool should be collected in a clean dry container that is tightly capped.
    It is preferred to take stool specimens for three consecutive days to get the most accurate results, if parasitic infection is suspected.
  • Stool samples should be protected against any mix of urine, water or direct sunlight and to be delivered to the lab within 2 hours maximum.
Stool for occult blood
  • Patient should not brush his/her teeth in the day of sample collection. The test used is highly specific and sensitive for human blood only, so no restrictions on having meat in your diet before performing the test.

Sputum test

  • Patients should drink sufficient quantity of water the day before the test, and should come to the lab in the morning without brushing their teeth.
  • The sample is collected in a clean sterile container taking into consideration that the specimen is sputum and not saliva.

Semen analysis

  • Before this test, the patient should avoid sexual intercourse for 3-7 days.
  • The whole sample should be collected in a special sterile container.
  • The sample should be sent to the lab within 15-30 minutes of sample collection.

Tests of different body fluids

Samples of such tests are collected by the specialist physician, and may be kept in the refrigerator, except those samples of the cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF).

Chemical tests of semen

The sample should be kept in the refrigerator until it is sent to the lab within 1 hour maximum.

Different types of cultures

Patients should stop all antibiotics not less than 3 to 5 days before the test.
If this is not possible, the patient should mention the antibiotic name to the lab staff.

Special testing conditions:

Number of fasting hours: From 12 to 14.
Trough is taken just before the dose and the peak sample is taken 4 - 5 hours after the dose.
N.B: if suspension form of the drug is taken the peak would be after 1.5 hours after the dose is taken.
As for carbamazepine XR, peak sample is withdrawn 3-12 hours after dose administration.
Intramuscular injection and physical exercises raises its level in blood.
Trough is taken just before the dose and the peak sample is taken 1-4 hours after the dose.
Trough is taken just before the dose and the peak sample is taken 4-12 hours after the dose.
N.B: for infant doses, rapid release and suspension drug formulas, the peak sample is withdrawn 1.5-3 hours after dose administration.
The patient's weight must be recorded.
2 categories
- Fasting test: Where the patient should be fasting for at least 8 hours prior to the test.
- Post-prandial: The patient eats his regular meal/75g glucose (after at least 8 hours fast) then a blood test is taken after 2 hours.
The patient should be fasting for 12 hours at least.
The blood sample of a fasting patient is taken first followed by an oral glucose dose of 75 gm.
Then a total of 4 blood samples are taken, one every 30 minutes for 2 hours.
Diabetes curve for pregnant women:
A sample is taken while the patient is fasting, then she is given an oral glucose dose of 75 gm.
Then 3 samples are taken, every 60 minutes for 2 hours.
(This test is done between 24-28 wk pregnancy).
This is a test to detect gestational diabetes (Diabetes during pregnancy). The patient is given a dose of 50 gm of glucose then a sample is taken after an hour.
Fasting is not essential in this test.
(This test is done between 24-28 wk pregnancy).
Diabetes curve for pregnant women:
A sample is taken while the patient is fasting, then she is given an oral glucose dose of 100 gm.
Then 3 samples each to be taken, every 60 minutes for 3 hours.
(This test is done between 24-28 wk pregnancy).
The sample should be sent to the lab in 30 minutes.
The sample should be sent to the lab in 30 minutes.
Patients should come early to the lab and without going to the W.C.
The swab is taken from the area surrounding the anus using a scotch tape that is pasted on a slide to be tested.
This test is usually recommended to diagnose pinworm infection in children.
A blood sample is taken at 8 a.m. and another sample is taken at 8 p.m.
The blood sample is taken from 8 to 10 a.m.
The patient should lay relaxed on his back for 30 minutes.
The patient should- for one week prior to the test- stop medications that contains alpha methyldopa or epinephrine including some nasal drops used for sinusitis. He/she should also stop drugs recommended for coughing, bronchodilators, or appetite suppressants.
This test should be performed during episodes of elevated blood pressure.
Fasting C-peptide should be taken after 8 to 10 hours of fasting and post-prandial C-peptide should be taken 2 hours after either a regular meal (eaten in 10-15 minutes) or after 75 oral glucose.
Fasting Insulin should be taken after 8 to 10 hours of fasting and post-prandial Insulin should be taken 2 hours after either a regular meal (eaten in 10-15 minutes) or after 75 oral glucose.
A blood sample is taken at 8 a.m and another sample is taken at 8 p.m.
The sample should be taken on the second or third day of the menstrual cycle.
This test is carried out on the 12:14 week of pregnancy.
This test is carried out on the 14:22 week of pregnancy.
Serum is collected at 8 am for baseline Cortisol. 1 mg dexamethasone orally at 11 pm. Another serum sample at 8 am the following day.
24 hours urine is started to be collected on day 1 and day 4. Dexamethasone, 0.5mg, is given orally every 6 hours starting at 8 am on day 2 (for a total of 8 doses to be taken in 2 days). Serum cortisol is measured on day 1 (at 8 am and 8 pm) to look for diurnal variation.
24 hours urine is started to be collected daily for 6 days. Dexamethasone, 0.5mg, is given orally every 6 hours starting at 8 am on day 3 (for a total of 8 doses to be taken in 2 days). Then dexamethasone, 2 mg, is given orally every 6 hours starting at 8 am on day 5 (for a total of 8 doses to be taken in 2 days).
After an overnight fast, a basal blood sample is taken.
The patient then is either given oral clonidine tablets (the dose is determined according to the body weight) or asked to perform a physical exercise (Like climbing stairs for 20 minutes)
After that, a blood sample is taken every 30 minutes for 2 hours.
Refrigerate sample throughout and after period of collection. No caffeine intake before or during sample collection. Mono amine oxidase inhibitors should be stopped for 1 week before starting to collect the sample. All precautions for 24 hours urine collection should be followed.
The patient should stop, at least 4 weeks prior to the test, diuretics , liquorice and chewing tobacco. Patient should liberalize (rather than restrict) sodium intake.
Patient might have to change his/her hypertensive medications (ACE inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers) as they could interfere with test results.
Potassium supplements for the patient should be taken for 3 days prior to testing then stopped 24 hours before sampling. (to bring potassium levels to normal)
The sample is taken mid-morning before 10 am, after the patient has been up (standing or walking) for at least 2 hours and seated for 5-15 minutes.
The test should not be carried out during or just after the symptoms of hemolysis.
The following conditions should be fulfilled:
  • Samples should be transported in a glass, plastic or metal container or a plastic bag.
  • Avoid wrapping the specimen in gauze which tends to produce desiccation.
  • If there was no preservative or delay in sending(>24hours) specimens to the laboratory, specimens should be kept at 4°c.
  • Specimen should be placed in fixative (10% buffered formalin) shortly (<30 min) and avoid over fixation (>24-48 hours)
  • The volume of the fixative should be at least 10 times that of the tissue.
  • The container should have an opening large enough so that the tissue can be removed easily after it has been hardened by the fixation.
  • The fixative should surround the specimen on all sides.
  • Large specimens that float on a fixative should be covered by a thick layer of gauze.
  • The fixative is carried at room temperature or in case of large specimens at 4°c.
  • A complete surgical pathology request form including: age, name sex, clinical data, surgical and radiologic data should be provided.
  • Surgeons should submit the whole biopsy to the laboratory.
Warfarin should be stopped one week prior to the test and heparin is also to be stopped 2 days before the test.
Asprin , Clopidogrel, phenothiazines, antihistamines or any medications that might affect platelet function should be stopped 10 days prior to the test.
Warfarin should be stopped one week prior to the test and heparin is also to be stopped 2 days before the test.
The sample is to be taken by a specialized pathologist and not by anyone in the lab. The patient should bring any radiological tests results.
Patients must abstain from eating nuts, citrus fruit, chocolate, vanilla, banana, coffee and tea for 3 days before collecting the urine sample.

Test Menu

TEST NAME Clear Filter Image
Name
11-Deoxy Cortisol
17-Ketosteroids in Urine
17-OH Progesterone
5-HIAA in 24 hr Urine
5-Nucleotidase
5-OH Tryptophan
ABO Blood Grouping
Acetyl Choline Receptor Ab
Acid Phosphatase Total&Prostatic
ACTH ( 8 am)
ACTH ( 8 pm)
Adenosine Deaminase ( Pleural fluid)
Adenosine Deaminase in CSF
Adenosine Deaminase Serum
Adenovirus Detection
Adrenal Cortical Ab
Adrenaline in Blood
Adrenaline in Urine
AFP ( Serum )
AFP amniotic fluid
AFP ascitic fluid
AFP(Pregnancy)
Albumin Excretion Rate
Albumin in CSF
Albumin in Serum
Albumin to Creatinine Ratio
Albumin to Globulin Ratio
Alcohol in Saliva
Alcohol in Serum
Alcohol in Urine
Aldolase
Aldosterone
Aldosterone to Renin Ratio
Alkaline Phosphatase
Alkaline Phosphatase Isoenzymes
Alpha 1 Anti-Trypsin in serum
Alpha 1 Anti-Trypsin in Stool
Alpha 1 Anti-Trypsin Phenotype
Alpha 1 Glycoprotein
Alpha 2 macroglobulin
Alpha glucosidase semen
Alpha Thalassemia genes by PCR
Aluminium
Amino Acid Plasma(Amino gram )
Amino Acid Urine(Amino gram )
Amino Levulinic Acid
Ammonia
Amniotic Cell cytogenetic analysis
Amniotic Fluid Analysis by Fluorecence Insitu Hybridization (FISH)
Amniotic Fluid, detection of fetal BetaThalassemia, Sickle Cell Anemia
Amoeba Ab
Amphetamine
Amylase Drain
Amylase Serum
Amylase Urine
Amyloid A
ANA Serum
Anaerobic Culture
ANCA
Androstenedione
Angiotensen Converting Enzyme (ACE)
Anion Gap
Anti Rh Ab
Anti A Ab Titre
Anti B Ab Titre
Anti Cardiolipin IgG
Anti Cardiolipin IgM
Anti ds-DNA
Anti ds-DNA Fluid
Anti Factor Xa Activity (Heparin)
Anti GAD Ab
Anti Gliadin Ab
Anti Insulin Ab
Anti Keratin Ab
Anti Mitochondrial Ab (AMA)
Anti Mullerian Hormone
Anti RNP / Sm
Anti SCL 70
Anti Smith Ab
Anti Smooth Muscle Ab
Anti Sperm Abs In Serum
Anti SS-A (Ro)
Anti SS-B (LA)
Anti Thyroglobulin Ab
Anti TPO
Anti-Carbonic Anhydrase Antibodies
Anti-CCP
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Anti-Striated Muscle Ab
Antithrombin III
Apolipoprotein A1
Apolipoprotien B
Arsenic in Blood
Arsenic in Urine
ASCA IgA
ASCA IgG
Ascitic Fluid Culture
Ascitic Fluid Examination
ASOT
Aspergillus Ab (G,M )
B2 Glycoprotein Ab
B2 Microglobulin Serum
B2 Microglobulin Urine
Bacteriological analysis of water
Barbiturates
Basal Membrane Ab
BCR-ABL Fusion Gene by Real Time PCR
B-CrossLaps in serum (B-CTx in serum)
Bence Jones Protein
Benzodiazepene qualitative
Benzodiazepene quantitative
Beta HCG qualitative
Beta HCG quantitative
Beta Lactoglobulin
Beta Thalassemia genes by PCR (Beta globin gene)
Beta Thalassemia Genes by PCR in chornionic villus sample
Beta Trace Protein Nasal Secretions
Beta Trace Protein Serum
Bicarbonate (HCO3)
Bile Acids Total
Bile Tolerant Gram Negative Bacteria Count
Bilharzial Ab
Bilirubin ( Total & Direct )
Bilirubin ( Total & Direct ) (fluid)
Biological Fluid Culture
Biological Fluid Examination
BK in serum by PCR
BK in urine by PCR
Bleeding Time
Blood Culture
Blood gas (arterial)
Blood gas (venous)
Blood grouping (Duffy)
Blood grouping (Kell)
Blood grouping (Kidd)
BM Iron Stain
Bone Alkaline Phosphatase
Bone Marrow Aspiration
Bone Marrow Biopsy
Bone Marrow Film for Consultation
Borrelia Abs IgG& IgM
Borrelia DNA by PCR in Blood
Brucella (Malta)
C1 Esterase Inhibitor Activity
C1q
C2
C3
C4
C5
C9
Ca 125
Ca 15-3
Ca 19-9
Ca 19-9 Ascitic Fluid
Ca 242
Ca 50
Ca 72-4
Calcitonin
Calcium / Creatinine Ratio
Calcium in 24 hr Urine
Calcium Serum
Calprotectin
Calretinin
Candida Ab
Cannabinoids
Carbohydrate Deficient Transferrin (CDT)
Carboxyhemoglobin
Catecholamines, Serum ( adrenaline +nor adrenaline)
Catecholamines, Urine ( adrenaline –nor adrenaline)
CD 10
CD 117
CD 138
CD 2
CD 20
CD 3
CD 30
CD 34
CD 4
CD 45 (LCA)
CD 99
CD15
CEA
CEA Ascitic
Certican
Ceruloplasmin
Cervical Discharge Culture
Cervical Discharge for Cytology
CH50
Chemical analysis of water
Chlamydia Pneumoniae abs
Chlamydia Trachomatis Ab
Chloride In CSF
Chloride In Serum
Chloride In Urine
Cholesterol esters fatty acids
Cholinestrase in Serum
Chromogranin A in Serum
Chromosomal Breakage Study
Chromosomal study for Hematologic Malignancy
Chromosomal Study in Bone Marrow
Chromosomal Study in Chorionic Villous sample
Circulating immune complex
Citrate in Urine
CK-MB Mass
CK-MM
Clotting Time
CMV by Real Time PCR
CMV IgG
CMV IgM
Cocaine
Cold Agglutinins
Complement C1 inhibitor total level and activity
Complete Blood Picture
Conjunctival Swab Culture
Conjunctival Swab Examination
Coomb's Test (Direct)
Coomb's Test (Indirect)
Copper in Serum
Copper in Urine
Corona virus by PCR
Cortisol (8 am)
Cortisol (8 pm)
Cortisol Level After 24 hr ACTH
C-Peptid After 2 Hrs.
C-Peptide Curve
C-Peptide 'Fasting'
Creatine kinase (CK)
Creatinine Clearance
Creatinine in 24 hr Urine
Creatinine In Serum
Cross matching for blood transfusion
Cross Matching for Organ Transplantation
CRP
CRP Highly Sensitive
Cryoprecipitate in Serum
CSF Culture
CSF Examination
CSF Immunoglobulin Index
Culture And Sensitivity for any sample
Cyclosporine Peak
Cyclosporine Trough
CYFRA 21-1 in Serum
Cystatin C (GFR)
Cystic Fibrosis by PCR
Cysticercosis IgG Ab
Cystine in Urine
Cytokeratin
Cytokeratin (CK) 20
Cytokeratin (CK) 7
Cytological Examination of any sample
D-dimers
Delta Amino Levulinic Acid in Urine
Deoxypyridinoline (DPD)
Depakene Peak
Depakene Trough
Desmin by immunohistochemistry
Dexamethasone Suppression Test
DHEA-S
Digoxin
DihydroTestosterone
Diphtheria Ab
Direct Platelet Ab
Direct Smear examination
Dopamine Betahydroxylase
Down's Syndrome Markers
Drain Bilirubin
Drug of Abuse
Duchenne Muscle Dystrophy DNA Analysis
E.S.R. ( Westergren)
Ear Swab Culture
EBV By Immunofluorescence
EBV by PCR
EBV IgG VCA
EBV IgM VCA
Endomysial Ab
Entamoeba Histolytica Ag in Stool
Enterovirus RNA by PCR
Eosinophils in Body Fluid
Epanutine Peak
Epanutine Trough
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation
Erythropoietin
Escherichia Coli Culture
Estimated Creatinine Clearance (Female/Male)
Estradiol - E2
Estriol in Serum (E3)
Estrogen Receptor (ER) in Breast Tissue
Examination for Bronchial Wash
Examination of Biological Fluid
Examination of Prostatic Secretion
Extended C-Peptide Curve
Extended Insulin Curve
Extended Oral Glucose Tolerance Curve
Factor II Activity
Factor Inhibitors assay
Factor IX Assay
Factor V Assay
Factor V Leiden - Prothrombin gene mutation - MTHFR gene mutation
Factor VII Assay
Factor VIII Assay
Factor VIII Associated Ag
Factor X Assay
Factor XI Activity
Factor XII Activity
Factor XIII Activity
Familial Mediterranean Fever by PCR
Fasciola Ab
Ferritin
FIB 4
Fibrin Degradation Products (FPDs)
Fibrinogen
Fibro - Acti Test
Fibro max
Filaria Film
Filariasis IgG Ab
First Trimester Screening
FISH for CLL
FISH for SRY gene
FISH panel for acute leukemia
Folic Acid
Food allergy panel
Fragile X Chromosome
Free Androgen Index
Free Carnitine in Serum
Free Cortisol in 24 hr Urine
Free HCG
Free Protein S
Free PSA
Free T3
Free T4
Free Testosterone
Fructosamine
Fructose in semen - Qualitative
Fructose in semen - Quantitative
FSH
Fungal Culture
Fungus Examination by KOH
G6PD Quantitative assay
Gabapentin
Galactosaemia Screen
Galactose in Urine
Gamma GT
Gastrin
Genetic Counceling
Gentamycin
Globulin
Glucagon
Glucose (1hour after 50 gm oral glucose intake)
Glucose Fasting
Glucose P.P
Glucose Random
Glutathione (Total and Reduced)
Glycosylated Hb (HbA1C)
Growth Hormone (Basal)
Growth Hormone Stimulation Test (after Clonidine)
Growth Hormone Stimulation Test (after Exercise)
Growth Hormone Suppression Test (after 75 gm Glucose)
H.Pylori IgA
H.Pylori IgG
H.Pylori in Stool
H.Pylori Virulent Strains (Line test)
H1N1 by PCR
Ham's test
Haptoglobin
HAV IgG
HAV IgM
HBc IgM
HBc Total IgG
HBe Ab
HBe Ag
HBs Ab
HBs Ag
HBV PCR Qualitative
HBV PCR Quantitative
HCV Ab
HCV Genotyping
HCV IgG Immunoblot
HCV PCR in Mononuclear Cells
HCV PCR Qualitative
HCV PCR Quantitative
HDL Cholesterol
HDV RNA PCR
Heavy metal analysis for water
Hematocrit
Hemoglobin (Hb)
Hemoglobin Electrophoresis
Hemosiderin in Urine
Hepatitis Delta IgG Ab
Hepatitis Delta IgM Ab
HER 2 Protein
HEV IgG
HEV IgM
Hexosaminidase AB Variant
Histamine in Blood
Histoplasmosis Ab
HIV by western blot
HIV Ab
HIV by PCR
HLA Class I by PCR
HLA-B27 by PCR
HLA-B5 by PCR
HLA-Class ll (DRB1) by PCR
HOMA-IR
Homocysteine in Serum
Homocysteine in Urine
Homogentisic Acid
HSV I & II IgM
HSV I IgG
Hydatid Ab in CSF
Hydatid Ab in Serum
Hydroxycorticosterone
IgA in CSF
IgA in Saliva
IgA in Serum
IGF-1
IgG / Albumin Ratio in CSF
IgG 4
IgG in Urine
IgG Subclasses
IgM
IL-28B Genotype Polymorphism
Imipramin
Immuno Fixation
Immunoelectrophoresis in Serum
Immunophenotyping ( CD 38 / Zap-70 )
Immunophenotyping ( CD113,50,55)
Immunophenotyping (CD3,4,8,19,16,56)
Immunophenotyping (CD4,CD8)
Immunophenotyping (CD55/59)
Immunophenotyping for CD 117
Immunophenotyping for CD 20
Immunophenotyping For MRD
Immunophenotyping For multiple myeloma (CD38,CD138)
Immunophenotyping of Acute leukemia
Immunophenotyping of Chronic lymphoproliferative Disorders
Influenza A Virus Ab
Influenza B Virus Ab
Inhalation allergy panel
Inhibin B
Insulin After 2 hr
Insulin Curve
Insulin Fasting
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3
Intrinsic Factor Ab
Ionized Calcium
Iron in Serum
Islet Cells Antibody
JAK 2 Exon 14 Gene Mutation
Jo-1 Ab
Kappa Free Light Chain in Serum
Kappa Free Light Chain in Urine
Kappa to Lambda Ratio
Karyotyping
Karyotyping for Amniotic Fluid
Ki-67
KRAS Gene Mutation
Lactate in Blood
Lactate in CSF
Lambda Free Light Chain in Serum
Lambda Free Light Chain in Urine
Lamotrigine
LDH
LDH isoenzymes
LDL Cholesterol
Lead in Blood
Lead in Urine
Leishmania Film
Leishmania IgA Ab
Leishmania IgG Ab
Leishmania IgM Ab
Leptospira IgG Ab
Leptospira IgM Ab
Leukocyte Alkaline Phosphatase (LAP) score
Levetiracetam
LH
LH to FSH Ratio
Lipase
Lipase from Drain
Lipid electrophoresis
Lipid Profile
Lithium
Liver Cytosol 1 IgG specific Ab
Liver Kidney Microsomal Abs (LKM Ab)
Liver Specific Protien Ab
Long chain fatty acids
Lupus Anticoagulant
Lymph Node Aspirate
Lymphoid Tissue (CD20)
Lysozyme in Serum
Magnesium in Serum
Magnesium in Urine
Malaria Film
Manganese in Serum
Manganese in Urine
Measles Ab (IgG/ IgM)
Mercury in Blood
Metanephrine and nor metanephrine in Urine
Methadone
Microscopic examination of body fluid
Monospot Test
Morphine
MRSA Screening Test
MTHFR Gene mutation
Mucopolysaccharides in Urine
Mumps Virus Abs
Muscle Specific Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Ab
Mycobacterium TB Culture (LJ Culture)
Mycobacterium TB Culture and Sensitivity
Mycobacterium TB Culture by MGIT
Mycoplasma pneumoniae Ab
Myelin Associated Glycoprotein Ab
Myelin Basic Protein Ab
Myoglobin Quantitative in Serum
Myoglobin Quantitative in Urine
Nasal Discharge Culture
NASH Test
Neisseria gonorrhea Culture
Neuromyelitis optica IgG
Neuron Specific Enolase (NSE)
Nickel in 24 hr Urine
Nickel in Serum
Nicotine in Serum
Nitrate in Urine
Non HDL Cholesterol
Noradrenaline in Blood
Noradrenaline in Urine
Occult Blood in Stool
Oligoclonal Bands in CSF
Oligosaccharides
Opiates
Oral Glucose Tolerance Curve
Oral Glucose Tolerance Curve Pregnancy (after 75 and 100 g glucose load)
Organic Acid in Urine
Osmolality in 24 hr Urine
Osmolality in Serum
Osmotic Fragility
Osteocalcin
Ovary IgG antibodies in serum
Oxalate in Urine
Oxalic Acid in Serum
Oxcarbazepine (including 10-OH-metabolite)
p24 Antigen
Pancreatic Elastase in Stool
Panel for Collagen disease
Pap Smear
Parathormone (PTH)
Parietal Cells Ab
Parvo Virus B19 Abs (IgG & IgM)
Paternity Test (DNA Sequencing)
Paternity Test in Amniotic Fluid (DNA Sequencing)
Pathological Examination of Specimens
PCR for Hemoglobin C Disease
PCR for Herpes Simplex Virus in CSF
Pericardial Fluid Culture
Pericardial Fluid Examination
Phenylalanine in Serum
Phospholipids fatty acids
Phosphorus in 24 hr Urine
Phosphorus in Serum
PIVKA II
Placenta Alkaline Phosphatase
Plasma free Metanephrine
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor
Platelet Aggregation
Platelet Count
Pleural Fluid Culture
Pleural Fluid Examination
PML-RARA by FISH
Polyoma JCV-DNA by LCPCR
Porphobilinogen (PBG)
Potassium in Serum
Potassium in Urine
PRA Class I and Class II
Pre-Albumin
Pregnancy test in urine
Pro-BNP
Procalcitonin
Procollagen III
Progesterone
Progesterone Receptor (PR) in Breast Tissue
Pro-Insulin
Prolactin
Prostatic fluid Culture
Prostatic Acid Phosphatase
Protein / Creatinine Ratio in urine
Protein C
Protein Electrophoresis
Protein in 24 hr Urine
Protein S
Prothrombin Time
PSA ( Total & Free )
PSA Complex
PSA Ratio
PTT
Pus Culture
Pyruvate in Blood
Pyruvate Kinase
Quantiferon TB
Rectal Swab Culture
Red Cell Ab Identification
Red Cell Count
Reducing Substances in Stool
Reducing Substances in Urine
Renin
Reticulocytic Count
RH
RH phenotype
Rheumatoid Factor
Rose Waaler
Rotavirus Ag in Stool
RPR (Rapid Plasma Reagin)
Rubella IgG
Rubella IgM
S100 protein
Salmonella culture
SCC
Schistosoma Ag
Scotch Tape test
Selenium in Serum
Semen Analysis
Semen Analysis (CASA)
Semen Culture
Semen Processing
Serotonin
Serum IgD
SGOT
SGPT
SHBG
Shigella Ab
Sialic Acid
Sickle Cell Anemia by PCR (HbS)
Sickling test
Slide for Consultation
Sodium in Serum
Sodium in Urine
Soluble Liver Ag Ab (SLA)
Soluble Transferrin Receptor
Special Stains (Stool)
Specific Gravity of fluid
Sperm Ab Direct (MAR)
Spinal Muscular Atrophy by PCR
Sputum Culture
Sputum Examination
Stamy's Test
Standard Low Dose Dexamethasone (Suppression Test )
Steato Test
Stone Analysis
Stool Analysis
Stool Culture
Stool Osmotic Gap
Stool pH
Streptococal Hyaluronidase Ab
Streptococcal DNAse B Ab
Swab for Bacterial Count
Swab for Bacterial Identification
Synacthen stimulation test ( cortison after synacthen )
Synovial Fluid Examination
T3 ( Total Triiodothyronine)
T4 (Total Thyroxine)
Tacrolimus (FK506)
Tartrate Resistant Acid Phosphatase (TRAP)
TB Ab
TB By PCR
TB Examination ( 3 samples)
Tegretol Peak (Carbamazepine)
Tegretol Trough (Carbamazepine)
Tetanus Ab
Throat Swab Culture
Thrombin Time
Thyroglobulin
TIBC
Tissue Polypeptide Ag (TPA)
Tissue Transglutaminase Ab
Tongue Swab Culture
Topiramate
Total Acid Phosphatase
Total Bacterial Count
Total Carnitine in Serum
Total Cholesterol
Total Combined Molds and Yeasts Fungal Culture
Total IgE
Total IgG
Total Leucocyte Count
Total Protein
Total Testosterone
Toxocara Canis IgG Antibodies in Serum
Toxoplasmosis Avidity
Toxoplasmosis IgG
Toxoplasmosis IgM
TPHA (Treponema Pallidum Particle Agglutination)
Tramadol
Transferrin
Transferrin Saturation
Trichinosis Abs IgG & IgM
Triglyceride
Triple Test
Troponin I
Troponin T
Tryptase
TSH
TSH Receptor Ab
Tuberculin Test
Urate in Urine
Urea Breath Test
Urea Clearance
Urea in Serum
Urea in Urine
Uretheral Discharge Culture
Uretheral Discharge Examination
Uric Acid / Creatinine Ratio
Uric Acid in 24 hr Urine
Uric Acid in Serum
Urine Analysis
Urine Culture
Urine Cytology
Urine for Dysmorphic RBCs
Urine for Glucose and Acetone (Fasting)
Urine for Glucose and Acetone (Post prandial)
Urine for Glucose and Acetone (Random)
Urine for Hemoglobinuria
Urine pH
Urine Protein Electrophoresis
Vaginal Discharge Culture
Vaginal Discharge Examination
Vanillylmandelic Acid in 24 hour urine collection
Varicella Zoster Ab
Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide (VIP)
VDRL
Vitamin A
Vitamin B1
Vitamin B12
Vitamin B3
Vitamin B6
Vitamin C
Vitamin D (1,25 - Dihydroxy Cholicalciferol)
Vitamin D (25 - Hydroxy Cholicalciferol)
Vitamin E
Vitamin H (biotin)
Vitamin K1
Von Willebrand disease profile
Von Willebrand Factor (Factor VIII Ristocetin Cofactor)
Water test for legionella
WBCs Total & Differential
Widal Test
Wound Culture
Y chromosome microdeletion by PCR
Zinc

Reflex Testing

Reflex testing is an important tool in providing timely, cost-effective and quality care to patients. A reflex test is a laboratory test performed subsequent to an initially ordered and resulted test. Reflex testing occurs when an initial test result meets pre-determined criteria (e.g., positive or outside normal parameters), and the primary test result is inconclusive without the reflex or follow-up test. It is performed after informing the patient with his/her test results and taking consent for the reflex (additional) tests to be done. Reflex testing may prevent the need for additional specimen procurement from the patient. The reflex test adds valuable diagnostic information and is consistent with best medical practices.

Some examples for our Reflex Testing:
ANA titre > 1:80 (positive) ENA panel
Positive HCV PCR
Hypochromic microcytic anaemia Iron profile
Blasts Immunophenotyping and bone marrow aspirate.
CML BCR/ABL fusion by PCR
Proteinuria in absence of pus Urinary albumin:creatinine ratio
Elevated CK-MB
Positive Quantitative BHCG
Abnormal Free T4
Prolonged in absence of anticoagulant intake AST,ALT, albumin